When people truly do all they can to self-publish their books, the questions that can come up have to do with things most of us as readers never really examine. This is true for the copyright page. The copyright page is usually on the back of the Title Page and believe it or not is the culmination of your books’ creation.
At PageMaster Publishing we want to enable you to do all you can, so here is the information and links you need to do it all yourself.
What to include in a copyright page
- Title of the book
- Year of copyright
- Type of copyright notice
- Copyright of sources used
- Place of printing
- CIP/LCC Information
Title of the Book
The title and year of copyright usually go together at the top of the copyright page. For example:
Healing the Wounds of Abandonment and Rejection © 2009 Cheryl Lynn Shea
Type of copyright notice
You need to decide under what type of copyright you want to release your book. First you should understand a bit about copyright in Canada.
Copyright protects the expression of an idea, patent protects an idea.
The following information is excerpted comes from the Canadian Intellectual Property Office’s website
Copyright is the exclusive legal right to produce, reproduce, publish or perform an original literary, artistic, dramatic or musical work. The creator is usually the copyright owner. When you own the copyright in a work, you control how it is used in order to protect its value. Others who want to use the work have to buy or otherwise get your permission.
Generally, an original work is automatically protected by copyright the moment you create it.
Find more information on how and why to register in A Guide to Copyright.
Marking a work with the copyright symbol is not mandatory under Canadian copyright law but some other countries do require it. The marking consists of the symbol ©, the name of the copyright owner and the year of first publication.
Even though not always required, marking is useful since it serves as a general reminder to everyone that the work is protected by copyright. This symbol may be used even if the work is not registered.
Copyright commonly protects the following:
- literary works, e.g., books, pamphlets, computer programs and other works consisting of text;
- dramatic works, e.g., films, plays, screenplays, scripts, etc.;
- musical works, e.g., musical compositions; and.
- artistic works, e.g., paintings, drawings, maps, photographs, sculptures, plans, etc.
Copyright also applies to performer’s performances, sound recordings and communication signals (radio waves).
Types of Copyright
It is important to understand that you own the copyright to your writing. All you do on the copyright page is provide the notice of copyright. What you want to allow others to do with your work is up to you. Do you want people to ask your permission for any kind of use? This of course does not infringe on the fair use of someone else citing you in their work. If so, you’ll probably like to reserve all rights.
Copyright © 2015 Author Name
All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or in any means – by electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise – without prior written permission.
You might want to consider using a fairly open copyright for some books. One that you can look at is the Creative Commons Deed Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada
Basically, For some books you may not care if others use what written for their own non-commercial use… as long as they cite you. This is a great way for information to go viral. But there is warning in using this type of copyright for your book. I saw someone print books they didn’t own the copyright for. After seeing the sub-standard printing, I knew I didn’t I want someone printing off a shoddy copy of any of my books and then giving them away as an example of my professionalism.
The Creative Commons tries to bridge the gap between reserving all rights and public domain. You may be producing material you want others to have access to reproduce. Maybe you want to give your writing away assisting viral marketing of other sales. Perhaps you have other reasons to avoid the limitations All Rights Reserved imposes. If you’re interested in finding out more about Creative Commons check out http://creativecommons.org/license/
You may also want to write a variation on the notice based on the Respect Copyright — Encourage Creativity motto adopted by the International Publishers Association. As the copyright holder you can release or retain the rights you choose.
Other Works Cited Notices
If you plan to include anything in your book which has not been created originally by you, you will need to give credit to the source, citing publication details when appropriate. Notice can be attributed as a caption or inline, or on the copyright page. You may also need to obtain permission from the copyright owner. Some examples are:
- Quotes, whether from interviews you have conducted, from a published or unpublished work, or from any other source, including online postings.
- Poems or song lyrics, or parts of poems or song lyrics, whether published or unpublished.
- Illustrations, paintings, graphics or other artwork.
- Photographs (those you take yourself may require a model release).
- Tables, charts, or graphs.
- Written or graphic material from the Web.
These are the most common kinds of non-original material, but there may be others. It is the responsibility of the author to determine if content from another source requires permission for use, or if it falls under “fair use” guidelines. It is also the author’s responsibility to obtain such permission, including payment of any fees which the copyright owner requests as a condition for granting permission (or choosing to remove the material from the work).
How do you know when you need permission?
But how do you know when a particular item requires that you obtain permission from the copyright owner in order to include it in your book? The following suggestions are not from any official source, but have been gleaned from research and experience. It is recommended that you look into the issue of copyright infringement for yourself, at least enough to feel confident about making decisions regarding the necessity of obtaining permission.
- Unpublished material, including quotes from email, telephone or in-person interviews, and posts to mailing lists or newsgroups. Whether it is from someone you know, from archived postings or from an unpublished print document, it is best to obtain permission before including anything in your book which has been authored by someone else but not previously published. Usually, a fee is not required, but all such contributors should receive attribution and a complementary copy of your book.
- Quotes from published books. Publishers require you to obtain permission if you are quoting text in excess of a maximum word count (between 100 and 1000 words, depending on the publisher). Whether you want to include one long quote or a number of short quotes, if the total exceeds 100 words, you should contact the publisher for their guidelines. Publishers often charge a fee for granting permission to quote from one of their publications. Amounts may vary, but $100 is typical.
- Quotes from periodicals. If you want to quote from a magazine, journal, or newspaper, the word limit may be less than for books. Contact the publisher and ask for their guidelines if you are quoting more than 50 words. A fee may be required.
- Previously published poetry. Permission is usually required if you use more than two lines of a poem. If the whole poem is only a few lines long, you may need permission to quote any of it. A fee may be required.
- Illustrations, figures, tables, charts — all visual material. You will probably need permission for anything of this nature, and will likely have to pay a fee. A simple chart that lists the typical methods of treatment for various forms of cancer might be okay, since it contains only facts, and facts cannot be copyrighted.
- Most material published by the U.S. government is not copyrighted – materials published by the Canadian government is. Permission to use or reproduce government works may be obtained by contacting: Crown Copyright Officer,Canadian Government Publishing, Public Works and Government Services Canada Ottawa ON K1A 0S9 Tel.: 613-996-6886. Email: email@example.com
- Photographs someone else has taken. You will need written permission from the photographer. You should make sure all appropriate model releases have been signed for recognizable people as well.
- Photographs from a publication. You will need permission from the copyright owner. This may be the publisher or the photographer and usually is outlined on the copyright page of the publication. A fee may be required.
- Written or graphic material from the Web. It is best to request permission to use anything found on a personal Web site. For commercial, educational or organizational sites, use the guidelines for similar material in print sources. It is less likely that payment of a fee will be a condition for permission than with publishers of print sources, but this will depend on the kind and amount of material you wish to use. Sometimes Web pages specify that material on them can be freely used. Be sure to note if there are restrictions on such use, for example, if it is only for private use by individuals, or only for non-profit use.
Unsure about something? Contact the copyright owner and ask them what their guidelines are regarding the material you wish to use.
When Is It Fair Use?
There are five basic rules to keep in mind when deciding whether or not a particular use of an author’s work is a fair use:
Rule 1: Are You Creating Something New or Just Copying?
Rule 2: Are Your Competing With the Source You’re Copying From?
Rule 3: Giving the Author Credit Doesn’t Let You Off the Hook
Rule 4: The More You Take, the Less Fair Your Use Is Likely to Be
Rule 5: The Quality of the Material Used Is as Important as the Quantity
In determining whether your intended use of another author’s protected work constitutes a fair use the golden rule: Take from someone else only what you wouldn’t mind someone taking from you.
Bible Version Copyright Notices
The publishers of Bible versions reserve the rights, but generally grant permission for use with the limits outlined. Also see our post on copyright and Bible use. Each version has it’s own formula and requirements, so you need to check with each one you use to make sure you’re following what they’ve set out. A good place to start your research is http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/
If the version you’ve cited isn’t listed there or on the publishers web site, or if you are using more than the allotted limit, you’ll need to contact the publisher to request permission or use a different version.
Assuming the publisher grants blanket permission as long as you don’t publish the entire text you can insert the appropriate copyright notice on your copyright page. Here’s an example from a commonly quoted version:
The NIV text may be quoted in any form (written, visual, electronic or audio), up to and inclusive of five hundred (500) verses without express written permission of the publisher, providing the verses do not amount to a complete book of the Bible nor do the verses quoted account for twenty-five percent (25%) or more of the total text of the work in which they are quoted.
When the NIV is quoted in works that exercise the above fair use clause, notice of copyright must appear on the title or copyright page or opening screen of the work (whichever is appropriate) as follows:
Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.
We have the copyright rules and notices for almost every major English Bible version at PageMaster Publication Services. Let us do it and save yourself hours of work.
Photo Privacy Laws
Photographs that you have taken. Even though this is created by you, you will need to obtain a model release from any person whose face is clearly shown (recognizable), whether or not they have posed for it. Written permission should be filed where it is accessible if required.
International Standard Book Number is a worldwide identification system that has been in use since the late 1960s. There is a different ISBN number for each edition and binding of every title (paperback, large print, hardcover, eBook). You only need 1 (one) ISBN for your book to be marketed around the world. You don’t need one for Canada, one for the US, one for the UK… Get your ISBN in the country your book is being published.
It’s important to realize that the ISBN belongs to the publisher. If you want to be the one responsible for filling orders that come in over the years and have complete control over your book and be the only source of marketing and distribution, then consider getting your own. If you’d like help with all that, consider PageMaster Publishing (distribution rights are required).
- To get an ISBN in Canada… http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/publishers/index-e.html
- To get an ISBN in the US… www.isbn.org
- To get an ISBN in the UK… http://www.isbn.nielsenbook.co.uk/controller.php?page=121
- To get and ISBN in Australia… http://www.thorpe.com.au
- To get and ISBN in New Zealand... http://www.natlib.govt.nz/services/get-advice/publishing/isbn
- To get and ISBN in South Africa… http://www.publishsa.co.za/publishing/isbn-numbers
Include the ISBN on your copyright page. The world has switched to a 13-digit ISBN, (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number) but if you have an older 10-digit you’ll want to switch it to an ISBN-13. You can do that here: http://www.isbn.org/converterpub.asp
Include it as:
For a journal or other serial publication an ISSN applies.
Place of Printing
Include the country of origin (important for exporting); and if PageMaster Publishing Services is doing the printing, we’d appreciate a little acknowledgement with our logo on the Copyright page. Something like:
Publication Assistance and Digital Printing in Canada by: PageMaster Publication Services.
Cataloguing in Publication (CIP) enables the cataloging of books before they’re printed. It also lets bookseller and libraries know about upcoming books. All CIP information gets published through New Books. It’s a great way to freely advertise your book published in Canada. Having the information in your copyright page makes it easy for libraries to catalogue your book and booksellers to order more copies. Apply for it as the publisher at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/cip/index-e.html
NOTE: CIP has been restricted and most services replaced by Booknet Canada.
If you’re publishing in the US, you’ll want an LCC number instead of the Canadian CIP.
The Library of Congress Catalog Number is essential for publishers if they sell to the library market. Obtain a Library of Congress Catalog Number at http://pcn.loc.gov/pcn
The copyright page brings a large part of the publication process together on one page.
- It sets the rules for how others can use your book.
- It honors the permissions you’ve collected to include materials in your book.
- It creates the way for booksellers to know about your book and book buyers how to purchase more in the future.
At PageMaster we can help you with every step along this journey. Whether we help you to do it yourself or do the work so you can focus on what you do best, we’re ready to see you succeed at your publishing dreams.